See my Pirates and Graphing blog to understand this better. (www.funjani.blogspot.com). Hit the math tab.
I am going to give you examples with the answers right there, so you don't have to go to the back of a book to find out if you were doing it correctly.
1. 4x-7 = 2x + 15. Let the variable always stand for the farmer. Move the 2x to the left side of the equation FIRST. Our object, tell the kids, is to get the farmer by himself on the left side of the equation. Remind kids that anything you do to one side of the equation, you do the same thing to the other side of the equation. In order to move anything, you must use its OPPOSITE sign,so you can subtract 2x on the right side because it is a positive.
4x -2x -7 = 2x-2x + 15. This leaves the simplified equation of 2x-7 = 15. Using my tagalong theory (see blogspot under math tag) -7 is along for the date as a chaperone. We must add +7 (his opposite) to both sides. 2x-7 +7 =15 + 7. Result: 2x = 22. Now we go to divorce court (see blog). We must divide the properties equally on both sides. 2x/2 = 22/2. We can do this because we can do things to both sides of an equation. The 2/2 is really ONE, so x=11.
2. 11h - 14 = 7 + 14h. Since the "farmer" is h, he must be moved to the left side. He is a positive guy, so we are going to SUBTRACT him. The result is
11h - 14h -14 = 7. This next step gets visual learners mixed up. Please see the Darth Vader blog on my www.funjani.blogspot.com to make kids understand positive and negative numbers. It basically tells you to have them consider the negative number as a light saber. Because the -14h holds the light saber, he has more power. So the result will be a negative number. Result -3h -14 = 7. We are going to ADD -14's opposite to both sides. Result:
-3h-14 + 14 = 7 + 14. Then: -3h = 21. Back to divorce court (dividing assets on both sides) -3h/-3 = 21/3. -3/-3 is ONE, so h stands alone. Final result:
3. 36 + 19b = 24b + 6. Can you find the farmer? He's b this time. So, the first step is to move 24 b to the LEFT. 24b is a positive guy, so we have to subtract him from both sides.
36 + 19b -24b = 24b -24b + 6. Simplified this is: (19b -24b = -5b) (bigger guy with sword wins the sign), so 36 - 5b = 6. We must left the farmer stand alone, so we are going to subtract 36 (since he's positive) to both sides of the equation. Almost final result: -5b = 6 - 36. Leaving: -5b = -30. Back to divorce court. We are going to divide both sides of the equation with -5. Result: -5/-5b = -30/-5. Because all numbers have negative signs or light sabors, they cancel each other. (or -5/-5 is ONE). Final result b= 6.
If you are trying to teach this concept to a visual learner who hasn't learned the lessons from my algebra blogs, this student will be basically lost. They will not be able to go on to graphing equations without the SILLY STORIES foundations. Some kids just see numbers and know what to do with them. Visual learners need stories.